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Dublin system

Description of EU system of application for international protection 

Basic information

Dublin system is a designation for a set of rules that determine one state that is responsible for issue of a decision in merits on an application for asylum (application for international protection)1, i.e., assessing whether an applicant meets the criteria for being granted asylum, i.e. refugee status.


 1) Act No. 325/1999 Coll., on asylum and amendments to Act No. 283/1991 Coll., on the Police of the Czech Republic, as amended (the Asylum Act), which has been effective since 1 September 2006 uses the terminology “applicant for international protection” and “application for international protection” as opposed to the original terminology of “applicant for asylum” and “application for asylum”. This change was required by the implementation of Council Directive No. 2004/83/EC of 29 April 2004 on minimum standards for the qualification and status of third country nationals or stateless persons as refugees or as persons who otherwise need international protection and the content of the protection granted. Council Regulation (EC) No. 343/2003 (known as the Dublin II Regulation) uses the terminology “application for asylum” and “asylum seeker” and for this reason this designation is maintained in relation to the Dublin system.

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