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Asylum

Asylum and refugee issues, Asylum Policy in the European Union, Information on Countries of Origin, Resettlement 

Dublin system

The Dublin system is a term used for mechanism by which one state responsible for examining of alien's application for asylum is determined within the framework of EU Member States, Norway, Iceland and Switzerland. The objective of the system is to eliminate the phenomenon of so called “asylum shopping” when the asylum procedure in the case of one alien is held in several Members States at the same time or successively. The system is simultaneously designed to prevent “refugee in orbit” situation where thanks to the application of the third safe country concept no state deems itself responsible for examination of the asylum application in merits.
 
Council Regulation (EC) No. 343/2003 (so called Dublin II Regulation) currently constitutes the legal base of the Dublin system. This regulation sets out the group of criteria determining the Member State responsible for adoption of the decision on the asylum application. Family ties are for instance one of these criteria, the fact the asylum applicant is a holder of visa or residence permit issued by a Member State is also criterion, the fact applicant entered the territory of Member States illegally or applied for asylum for the first time in another Member State is also the criterion. Since the year 2003 Member States fingerprint compulsorily all asylum applicants and they send their fingerprints to EURODAC. This system generally contributes to effective application of the Dublin II Regulation.

The Czech Republic has been a participant in the Dublin system since its accession to EU, i.e., as of 1 May 2004. The application of Council Regulation (EC) No. 343/2003 and the implementing Commission Regulation (EC) No. 1560/2003 is entrusted to the Ministry of the Interior’s Department for Asylum and Migration Policy, specifically to the Dublin Unit Section that has been established for this purpose. The Service of Alien’s Police and the Forensic Institute Prague participate in the application of Council Regulation (EC) No. 2725/2000 (the “EURODAC Regulation”). All of the above-specified authorities work together very closely when performing their tasks within the framework of applying the Dublin system.

Department for Asylum and Migration Policy, 22nd September 2014

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