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Migration Policy of the Czech Republic, Legal and Illegal Migration in the Czech Republic and in the European Union, Visa and Readmission Policy, Analytical Centre for Protection of State Borders and Migration 

Programme for Support in Combating Illegal Migration

In accordance with the Czech Government’s Migration Policy Principles, laid down in Resolution of the Government of the Czech Republic No. 55 of 13 January 2003, the Ministry of the Interior created a Programme for Support in Combating Illegal Migration.
The said measure of a non-legislative nature with the focus on the field of combating illegal migration is based on the basic premise of Council Directive 2004/81/EC of 29 April 2004 on residence permits issued to third-country nationals who are victims of human trafficking or who have been the subject of an action to facilitate illegal immigration, who cooperate with the competent authorities and the related laws of the Czech Republic.[1] Its basic goal is to ensure efficient cooperation among persons who were the subject of an action to facilitate illegal immigration, with the bodies responsible for criminal proceedings and other involved parties in detecting, exposing and preventing the criminal activities concerned, while simultaneously ensuring the necessary care of the persons concerned and possibly even for their family members currently staying in the territory of the Czech Republic, with a fundamental emphasis on their personal safety.
For this purpose, a system of cooperation among the individual parties involved was set up within the Programme. The first phase of this system is aimed at detecting possible witnesses, who are continually provided with comprehensive information on the Programme, legal consultancy and, as the case may be, the necessary social and psychological assistance in such a way so that they can make their decisions on cooperation with the bodies responsible for criminal proceedings or their decision to return voluntarily under the most objective conditions possible. The second phase is focused on the problem-free course of the criminal proceedings and on the support of witnesses, targeted on their possible social integration and their integration into a normal life.
The participants of the created system are as follows: the relevant bodies responsible for the criminal proceedings; non-profit, non-governmental organisations; the International Organisation for Migration; the Alien Police Service of the Czech Republic Police, the Refugee Facilities Administration of the Czech Republic Ministry of the Interior; and last but not least, the Asylum and Migration Policy Department of the Ministry of the Interior, which is also the main coordinator of the activities performed under the Programme. 

 1) Act No. 326/1999 Coll. on the Residence of Foreign Nationals in the Territory of the Czech Republic and on changes to certain Acts, as amended; the Criminal Code No. 140/1961 Coll., as amended; Legal Criminal Proceedings Act (Code of Criminal Procedure) No. 141/1961 Coll., as amended;

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